From Dust You Came and To Dust You Shall Return

It all begins and ends with Soil. She Provides. She Nurtures.

Whether you want to learn about Gardening, Farming, Philosophy, Spirituality or Psychology – soil is the best place to start with. You understand her and she will understand you. You take care of her and she will nourish you. You love her and you are loved forever.

Talking from an agricultural point of view- we start with studying different types of soils, their basic traits and nutritional composition.

Soil is made up of billions and billions of micro-organisms, insects and worms. It is very important that we acknowledge and appreciate their existence. They are very crucial for ‘our’ existence. Yes, you read it right. OUR existence.

Soil, in the absence of these microbes is called a dead Soil. Whereas a soil that is abundant with these microbes, insects and worms is called a living soil.

So here are four main things that we need to study in detail when it comes to soil –

  1. Properties of different types of soil.
  2. Soil nutrients and ways of supplying nutrients i.e. Chemical and Natural.
  3. Composting and Mulching – Its impact on soil.
  4. Soil revival.
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NITROGEN IS NOT THE MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT!!

We have always heard and believed that Nitrogen is the most important nutrient!! The fact is Nitrogen is just one of the important nutrients required by plants. However the producers of chemical fertilizers have somehow succeeded in convincing us that Nitrogen is the most important nutrient. To judge how important any element is; let us first understand the macro and micro nutrients required by plants. The following is a simplified version of the study of nutrients!

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MACRO NUTRIENTS:

GROUP I : (60%) Carbon, Oxygen and Hydrogen : These are the most important nutrients without which the plants cannot survive for a long time.

GROUP II : (30%) Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium : These are again very important  nutrients required for flowering and fruiting of plants.

GROUP III : (10%) Calcium, Magnesium and Sulphur : These are required in little quantities however are important.

MICRO NUTRIENTS : All other elements fall into the micro nutrient category like iron, zinc, sodium, chlorine, copper, etc. They are required by plants in a very minuscule quantity.